Wheatland and Lancaster County, 1890-1948


Collection: The Scrapbook Collection

Call No.: MG-434, Box 091

Title: Wheatland and Lancaster County, 1890-1948

Dates: 1890-1948

Extent: 1 volume

Creator: Unknown

Repository: LancasterHistory.org (Lancaster, Pa.)

Shelving Location: Archives South, Side 22


Description: The beginning of this scrapbook focuses on Lancaster County’s history, historic locations, and places such as the Horse-Shoe Trail, Conestoga Valley, Columbia, and Wheatland in Lancaster County. Other locations in Pennsylvania that are referenced are Valley Forge, Manada Gap, and Wrightsville. The volume contains newspaper clippings that recall the historic event known as the Burning of the Columbia-Wrightsville Bridge. Some articles of interest portray historical occupations and the indentured servants that served in those occupations throughout Lancaster. There is also information on Robert Fulton and his birthplace located in Southern Lancaster County.

The latter half of the scrapbook describes the history of Wheatland and James Buchanan. Several newspaper clippings reveal the development of Historic Wheatland and the excavation of the property. The articles also discuss the opening of the site to the public.


Conditions for Access: Please fill out a call slip for viewing.

Conditions Governing Reproductions: May not be photocopied. Please contact Research Staff or Archives Staff with questions.

Language: English

Source of Acquisition: Source unknown.


Subjects: Buchanan, James, 1791-1868.

Fulton, Robert, 1765-1815.

Wheatland (Lancaster, Pa.)

Columbia-Wrightsville Bridge (Lancaster County, Pa.)

Horse-Shoe Trail (Pa.)

Valley Forge National Historical Park (Pa.)

Indentured servants — History.


Horsemanship — Trail riding.


Clippings (Books, newspapers, etc.)

Susquehanna River.

Lancaster (Pa.)

Lancaster County (Pa.)

Lancaster County (Pa.) — History, local.

Columbia (Pa.)


Administrative/ Biographical History: James Buchanan

James Buchanan was born in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania on 23 April 1791. He graduated from Dickinson College in 1809. He studied law after graduation and in 1812 was admitted to the bar. Buchanan was elected to the House of Representatives in 1814 and served until 1831. His political career continued to flourish when he was appointed as the Minister to Russia from 1832-1834. For the next ten years, Buchanan was one of Pennsylvania’s representatives in the United States Senate. Under two of his predecessors, James K. Polk and Franklin Pierce, Buchanan served as Secretary of State and Minister to Great Britain, respectively. Buchanan was the Democratic nominee in 1856 and was elected the fifteenth President of the United States of America. Buchanan was the only president from Pennsylvania and the only unmarried president.

After his presidential term, Buchanan retired from politics in 1861 and returned to Wheatland, his Lancaster estate. During his life, Buchanan was an active Freemason serving as Master of his Masonic Lodge in Lancaster and District Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania. He died at Wheatland on 1 June 1868 and was interred at Woodward Hill Cemetery in Lancaster.


Custodial History: Previously housed in the Scrapbook Collection, Book 95.

Cataloged by: CRB, October 2007.

This project was funded by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, ME60112, 2007-2008.