Collections

Haldeman: S. S. Haldeman Papers

Call number:  MG-344

1 box     24 folders     .5 cubic ft.

Repository: LancasterHistory.org (Lancaster, Pa.)

Shelving Location:  Archives South, Side 8

Description: This collection contains a handwritten biography on Ben Keywood, newspaper articles, and biographical information  and published works of Samuel Steman Haldeman.  Haldeman was a 19th century scientist from Chickies Creek who studied language, archaeology,  and a variety  of sciences including zoology, entomology, geology, and chemistry.  Some of Haldeman's published works include A Monograph of the Freshwater Univalve Mollusca of the United States and original copies of the Pennsylvania Farm Journal.  This collection is an overview of his career.

Creators: Haldeman, Samuel Steman, (1812-1888); Lancaster County Historical Society, Lancaster (Pa.)

Conditions for Access: Please use photocopies of newspaper articles.

Conditions Governing Reproductions:  Collection may not be photocopied. Please contact Research or Archives Staff with questions.                     

Language: English, German, and Latin

Source of Acquisition: Unknown

Administrative/ Biographical History:

Samuel Steman Haldeman was born in Locust Grove, Lancaster County circa 1812.  He was the eldest of seven children of Henry Haldeman and Frances Steman. (Haldeman genealogy chart)  Samuel was raised in the family mansion in Bainbridge and developed an interest in science and nature by wading in the Susquehanna River.  There he collected shells, eels, Indian relics, minerals and insects. (Barber, 53)  He was educated in public schools and attended Dickinson College for two years before withdrawing.  Samuel left Dickinson because he found college to be irksome and that he could learn more on his own.  After college Samuel educated himself by going to lectures, analyzing specimens, and studying books. 

Also after college he moved into the mansion near Chickies Creek, which he designed.  In 1835 S. S. Haldeman married Mary Hough of Bainbridge and they had four children. (Haldeman genealogy) Haldeman was not a religious man and was born protestant, but when he was in his thirties he converted to Roman Catholic and was a member of St. Mary's Church in Lancaster City.

During his life, Samuel was the author of scientific works, as well as many works on the study of language.  One of his more famous works was A Monograph of the Limniades and other Fresh-Water Univalve Mollusca of United States.  Samuel published these volumes during the 1840s.  These volumes on mollusca were viewed as authoritative by most of the scientific world including Charles Darwin. (Sunday News, Lancaster, Pa.) Haldeman was considered an expert of many of the subjects he wrote about because of his attention to detail.  He worked 16-hour days going over different specimens and spent time practicing the correct way to pronounce words and letters in different languages. (Croll)

Haldeman was the author of over 150 articles on natural science, zoology, ethnology, language, natural history, and archaeology.      His publications include several newspaper articles for Lancaster County newspapers, the Marietta Times and the Intelligencer Journal.  Additionally, he was the editor of the Pennsylvania Farm Journal for three years. Haldeman's articles were also published in Silliman's Journal, better known as The American Journal of Science, and Popular Science Monthly. (Croll)

However, Haldeman's career was not limited to publishing.  His interest in the sciences led to careers in teaching and geology.  In 1836 he began working for the State Geological Survey in New Jersey as an assistant and later held the same position in Pennsylvania.  He received his first professorship to teach zoology at the Franklin Institute of Philadelphia in 1841.  Haldeman was elected professor of natural history at the University of Pennsylvania in 1851, and then in 1855 he became a professor of natural history at the University of Delaware. He returned to the University of Pennsylvania as a professor in 1876 and retained that position until his death in 1888.  (Barber) 

Haldeman did not limit his career solely to science.  He managed the First National Bank of Marietta.  He was also a partner with his brothers in the iron business that his father had built.  The original name of the furnace was Chiqusalungo.  It operated under the name E. Haldeman and Co.  The brothers later built another blast furnace, and called the two furnaces Chickies 1 and Chickies 2.  These furnaces were located along the Susquehanna south of Marietta.  Haldeman perfected the practice of smelting iron with anthracite coal.  Some of his articles on the use of anthracite coal in blast furnaces were published in Silliman's Journal during the 1840s. (Gramm) 

Samuel Steman Haldeman brought the forefront of science to Lancaster County.  He worked on issues relevant to his home and community.  He was never involved in any business that did not affect his home or family and worked hard to the end of his life.  He returned home, tired and exhausted, from a convention in Boston in 1888.  Samuel Steman Haldeman died six days later of a heart attack at age 68.  "Thus peacefully ended a useful life, full of years and honors." (Barber) 

Works Cited:

Barber, Edwin A."The Late Professor S.S. Haldeman" The Museum; 1885.MG-344 S. S. Haldeman Papers, Lancaster County Historical Society.

Croll, P. C. "Famous Pennsylvania Germans; Professor Samuel S. Haldeman, LL.D." The Pennsylvania German, v.6 1905.

Gramm, Bertha Sue, The Ironmasters of Marietta and vicinity during the period 1848-1878, Lancaster County Historical Society: Lancaster, Pa. 1948.

Haldeman genealogy chart prepared by Horace L. Haldeman, 1893.  Haldeman Family file, Lancaster County Historical Society.

 

 

Appendix: S. S. Haldeman's Publications

Language:

Latin Pronunciation, Mercersburg Review. March 1852. 

Latin Pronunciation, by S. S. Haldeman. Sherman & Co., Philadelphia.

Roman Pronunciation of Latin Essential in the Study of Etymology, by S. S. Haldeman. [Sherman & Co, Philadelphia.]

Relations Between Chinese and the Indo-European Languages, by S. S. Haldeman. Allen and Farnham, Cambridge. 1857.

Analytic Orthography, by S. S. Haldeman. J. B. Lippencott & Co, Philadelphia. 1868.

Pennsylvania Dutch, by S. S. Haldeman. Rauch & Cochran, Lancaster. 1868.

Haldeman, S. S. On the normal power of the Greek Z. The Literary World 11, 9, 1852.

Zoological:

Haldeman, S. S, A Monograph of the Freshwater Univalve Mollusca of the United States, J Dobson: Philadelphia, 1840-1845.

Zoological Contributions, by S. S. Haldeman. No 1. E. G. Dorsey, Philadelphia. 1842.

Zoological Contributions, by S. S. Haldeman. No 2. Carey & Hart, Judah Dobson and John Pennington, Philadelphia. 1843.

Zoological Contributions, by S. S. Haldeman. No 3. Carey & Hart, Judah Dobson and John Pennington, Philadelphia. 1844.

Corrections and Additions to his Paper on the Longicornia of the United States, by S. S. Haldeman.

Supplement to Number One of "A Monograph of the Limniades," by S. S. Haldeman. 1840.

On Four New Species of Hemiptera of the Genera, Ploiaria, Chermes, and Aleurodes, by S. S. Haldeman.

A Description of Several New and Interesting Animals, by S. S. Haldeman. Joel Munsell, Albany. 1847.

Zoological Article from Trego's Geography of Pa, by S. S. Haldeman.

On Strepomatide as a Name for a Family of Fluviatile Mollusca, by S. S. Haldeman.

Enumeration of the Recent Freshwater Mollusca, by S. S. Haldeman. From the Boston Journal of Natural History. January 1844.

Haldeman, S. S. Importance of Natural Science as a Branch of Education. The Literary World 13, 7, 1853.

Other Publications:

On a Polychrome Bead from Florida, by S. S. Haldeman. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 1878.

Willson's Readers, by S. S. Haldeman. 1870. 

Gleanings, by S. S. Haldeman. Chickies, Pa.

On Unsymmetric Arrow-Heads and Allied Forms, by S. S. Haldeman. Taken from the American Naturalist. May 1879.

Pennsylvania Farm Journal. Vol. 1-4 7, 8,9,10, 11. July 1851. S. S. Haldeman, editor. A. M. Spangler, Lancaster.

Haldeman, S. S. Entomology, No. I. Plough, the Loom and the Anvil 3, 12, 1851.

Newspaper articles:

"Marietta Matters: Our Regular Correspondence,"by S. S. Haldeman. Lancaster Intelligencer. 28 February 1881.

"Marietta Matters: Our Regular Correspondence,"by S. S. Haldeman. Lancaster Intelligencer. 2 March 1881.

Letter from Paris, by S. S. Haldeman. Paris. 21 March 1859.

Letter from Turin, by S. S. Haldeman. Turin. [June 1859].

Letter from Florence, by S. S. Haldeman. Florence. 29 May 1859.

"The Slavery Question." Lancaster Intelligencer. 5 March 1850.

"Contributions made toJohnson's Cyclopedia,"by S. S. Haldeman. No date.

Trichina Spiralis, by S. S. Haldeman. No date.

Paragraph by Professor Haldeman in the "Geologist and Naturalists Convention."

 

Folder 1  Biographical Information

Insert 1  "S. S. Haldeman," The Museum. Vol. 1, no. 4. Philadelphia. August 1885.

Insert 2  Image of S. S. Haldeman residence.  The image is titled Chicqusalunga. No date available.

Insert 3  "Haldeman Mansion added to list of Historic Places," Lancaster New Era. Wednesday, 24 August 1977.

Insert 4  "A Brief Account of Some of the Scientific Works of Samuel Staman Haldeman, L.L.D.  Arranged for the Annual Meeting of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science, 26 March 1937. At Lancaster Pa.," by George N. C. Henschen.

Insert 5  "At Rest: The Sudden Death of Professor Haldeman."  No date. 

"Death of Professor Haldeman of the University of Pennsylvania." No date.

 

Folder 2  A Monograph of the Limniades and Other Freshwater Univalve Shells of North America, by S. Stehman Haldeman.  J. Dobson, Philadelphia.

Insert 1  Limniades, Number 1. July 1840.

Insert 2  Limniades, Number 2. January 1841.

 

Folder 3  A Monograph of The Limniades and Other Freshwater Univalve Shells of North America, by S. Stehman Haldeman. J. Dobson, Phildelphia.

Insert 1  Limniades, Number 3. July 1841.

Insert 2  Limniades, Number 4. January 1842.

Insert 3  Limniades, Number 5. [July 1842].

 

Folder 4  A Monograph of the Freshwater Univalve Mollusca of the United States, by S. Stehman Haldeman.  J. Dobson, Philadelphia.

Insert 1  Physa, Number 6. January 1843.

 

Folder 5  A Monograph of the Freshwater Univalve Mollusca of the United States, by S. Stehman Haldeman.  J. Dobson, Philadelphia.

Insert 1  Planorbis & Ancylus, Number 7. January 1844.

 

Folder 6  A Monograph of the Freshwater Univalve Mollusca of the United States, by S. Stehman Haldeman.  [J. Dobson], Philadelphia.

Insert 1  Turbide, [Number 8]. [1845].

 

Folder 7  A Monograph of the Freshwater Univalve Mollusca of the United States, by S. Stehman Haldeman.  The Conchological Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia.

Insert 1  Valvata, Number 9. No date.

 

Folder 8  A Monograph of the Freshwater Univalve Mollusca of the United States, by S. Stehman Haldeman.  [The Conchological Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia.]

Insert 1  Ampullaria, [Number 10]. No date.

 

Folder 9  Chester County Teachers Institute at Horticultural Hall

Insert 1  Program for the Seventeenth Annual Session. 1872.

Insert 2  Photographic image of S. S. Haldeman from the American Journal of Conchology, 1866.

Insert 3  On the German Vernacular of Pennsylvania. Taken from the Transactions of the American Philological Association 1869-1870.

Insert 4  Mutation of an English Vowel, by Professor Haldeman.  No date.

 

Folder 10  Language Publications

Insert 1  Latin Pronunciation, Mercersburg Review. March 1852. 

Insert 2  Latin Pronunciation, by S. S. Haldeman. Sherman & Co., Philadelphia.

Insert 3  Roman Pronunciation of Latin Essential in the Study of Etymology, by S. S. Haldeman. [Sherman & Co, Philadelphia.]

Insert 4  The Clarendon Dictionary. Pronunciations by S. S. Haldeman.  University Publishing Company, New York.

Insert 5  Relations Between Chinese and the Indo-European Languages, by S. S. Haldeman. Allen and Farnham, Cambridge. 1857.

Insert 6  Analytic Orthography, by S. S. Haldeman. J. B. Lippencott & Co, Philadelphia. 1868.

Insert 7  Pennsylvania Dutch, by S. S. Haldeman. Rauch & Cochran, Lancaster. 1868.

 

Folder 11  Publications

Insert 1  Zoological Contributions, by S. S. Haldeman. No 1. E. G. Dorsey, Philadelphia. 1842.

Insert 2  Zoological Contributions, by S. S. Haldeman. No 2. Carey & Hart, Judah Dobson and John Pennington, Philadelphia. 1843.

Insert 3  Zoological Contributions, by S. S. Haldeman. No 3. Carey & Hart, Judah Dobson and John Pennington, Philadelphia. 1844.

Insert 4  Corrections and Additions to his Paper on the Longicornia of the United States, by S. S. Haldeman.

Insert 5  Supplement to Number One of "A Monograph of the Limniades," by S. S. Haldeman. 1840.

Insert 6  Text on Air Breathing and Water Breathing Genera. [1840's].

Insert 7  On Four New Species of Hemiptera of the Genera, Ploiaria, Chermes, and Aleurodes, by S. S. Haldeman.

Insert 8  A Description of Several New and Interesting Animals, by S. S. Haldeman. Joel Munsell, Albany. 1847.

Insert 9  Zoological Article from Trego's Geography of Pa, by S. S. Haldeman.

Insert 10 On Strepomatide as a Name for a Family of Fluviatile Mollusca, by S. S. Haldeman.

Insert 11  Enumeration of the Recent Freshwater Mollusca, by S. S. Haldeman. From the Boston Journal of Natural History. January 1844.

 

Folder 12  Other Publications

Insert 1   On a Polychrome Bead from Florida, by S. S. Haldeman. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 1878.

Insert 2  Willson's Readers, by S. S. Haldeman. 1870. 

Insert 3  Gleanings, by S. S. Haldeman. Chickies, Pa.

Insert 4  On Unsymmetric Arrow-Heads and Allied Forms, by S. S. Haldeman. Taken from the American Naturalist. May 1879.

Insert 5  Cecilia Third Grand Vocal and Instrumental Concert. Columbia. 27 May 1856.

                

Folder 13  Pennsylvania Farm Journal

Insert 1  Pennsylvania Farm Journal. Vol. 1-4. July 1851. S. S. Haldeman, editor. A. M. Spangler, Lancaster.

Insert 2  Pennsylvania Farm Journal. No. 7. October 1851. S. S. Haldeman, editor. A. M. Spangler, [Lancaster].

Insert 3  Pennsylvania Farm Journal. No. 8. November 1851. S. S. Haldeman, editor. A. M. Spangler, Lancaster.

Insert 4  Pennsylvania Farm Journal. No. 9. December 1851.  S. S. Haldeman, editor. A. M. Spangler, Lancaster. 

Insert 5  Pennsylvania Farm Journal. No. 11. February 1852. S. S. Haldeman, editor. A. M. Spangler, Lancaster.

Insert 6  Pennsylvania Farm Journal. No. 12. March 1852. S. S. Haldeman, editor. A. M. Spangler, Lancaster.

 

Folder 14  Popular Science Monthly

Insert 1  The Popular Science Monthly, E. L. Youmans and W. J. Youmans. D. Appleton and Company, New York. 1882.

 

Folder 15  Meetings and Conferences

Insert 1  Archeological Convention. Philadelphia. 1876.

Insert 2  Montgomery County Teachers Institute. 7 November 1873.

Insert 3  American Philological Association. S. S. Haldeman, president. 1877.

Insert 4  Programme of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. 12 August 1874.

Insert 5  Central Masonic Institute. Selma, Alabama. 2 February 1852.

Insert 6  The Institute Daily News. Vol. 1, no. 1. West Chester. 28 October 1872.

Insert 7  Officers of Penn State Agriculture Society. 1874.

 

Folder 16  Ben Keywood

Insert 1  "Excentric Biography of Ben Keywood,"by S. S. Haldeman.

 

Folder 17  Biographical Newspaper Articles

Insert 1  "Marietta Matters: Our Regular Correspondence,"by S. S. Haldeman. Lancaster Intelligencer. 28 February 1881.

Insert 2  "Marietta Matters: Our Regular Correspondence,"by S. S. Haldeman. Lancaster Intelligencer. 2 March 1881.

Insert 3  "The Late Professor Haldeman." [1881].

Insert 4  "The Philological Convention; Personal Sketches."

Insert 5  "Letter to I. S. Geist from S. S. Rathvon, Lancaster, Pa." 20 September 1880.

                  

Folder 18  Letters from Abroad

Insert 1  Letter from Paris, by S. S. Haldeman. Paris. 21 March 1859.

Insert 2  Letter from Turin, by S. S. Haldeman. Turin. [June 1859].

Insert 3  Letter from Florence, by S. S. Haldeman. Florence. 29 May 1859.

 

Folder 19  General Newspaper Articles (photocopies)

Insert 1  "Interesting Correspondence," Lancaster Intelligencer. 29 March 1867.

Insert 2  Lancaster Intelligencer. No date.

Insert 3  Article on France. No date.  

Insert 4  The Marietta Times.  25September 1880.

Insert 5  "The New York Day Books- Letter from Warwick." 23 November 1867.

Insert 6  Paragraph on Professor Haldeman in third column of theDaily Express. Lancaster. 13 November 1867.

Insert 7  "State Fair awards for reaping machines." S.S. Haldeman President of State Fair.

Insert 8  "Professor S. S. Haldeman." The Mariettian. 13 August 1870.

Insert 9  "The Slavery Question." Lancaster Intelligencer. 5 March 1850.

Insert 10  "Contributions made toJohnson's Cyclopedia,"by S. S. Haldeman. No date.

Insert 11  "A trip up the Susquehanna," by S. S. Haldeman. Original Miscellany. No date.

 

Folder 20  Local Intelligence 

Insert 1  "Teachers Institute," Lancaster Intelligencer. 13 November 1867.

Insert 2 "Teachers Institute," Lancaster Intelligencer. No date.

Insert 3  Local Intelligence. 12 August, 1871.

Insert 4  Daily Union. Professor Haldeman is mentioned for his advancements in education. 11 August 1853.

Insert 5  "American Educational Convention." Local Intelligence. No date.

Insert 6  "Local Archeological Discoveries." Local Intelligence. 1876.

Insert 7  "Our Local Scientists." Local Intelligence. No date.

 

Folder 21  Scientific Articles

Insert 1  Paragraph on Professor Haldeman's lecture on Etymology. Norristown,  Pennsylvania. 4 November 1873.

Insert 2  Trichina Spiralis, by S. S. Haldeman. No date.

Insert 3  "Introductory Lecture to a Course on Zoology," Public Ledger. Philadelphia. 30 November 1842.

Insert 4  Paragraph by Professor Haldeman in the"Geologist and Naturalists Convention."

Insert 5  "Early Lancaster Scientist First Raised Question of Origin of Man," The Sunday News. Lancaster. 16 September 1928.

Insert 6 A Winter Excursion. March 1870.

 

Folder 22      German Works

Insert 1  Die Taglichen Loosungen und Lehrtexte der Brudergemeine fur das Jahr 1800. Lancaster. 1799.

 

 

Folder 23 Mechanic’s Hall Booklet

Mechanic’s Society of Lancaster, PA. S. S. Haldeman. April 1839. This book contains drawings of Mechanic’s Hall that was designed for the Mechanic’s Society. The scale of the drawings for this three floored building is 1/8 of an inch to one foot. A detailed description of the layout and interior of the building is also included. (front cover and title page are loose) Gift of Mary Dorogi, April 2013.

Folder 24  Both transferred from the Document Collection, 29 May 2014.

Letter from S. S. Haldeman to Dr. J. L. LeConte requesting assistance in obtaining more information about [John Woodhouse] Audubon’s expedition to California which his brother wishes to join. 24 January 1849.

Letter from S. S. Haldeman to an unknown recipient regarding edits for a publication, asking about Stephens Illustrations of British Entomology, and sharing his excitement about [NYU] instituting a professorship of Phonetics & Phenography. 5 March 1849.

 

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